In its broadest sense, as the use or threatened use of violence in order to achieve a political, religious, or ideological aim. Terrorism can be in form of state, group or individual.
Start Of Terrorism:
It started in the late 1970s and the early 1980s when the Cold War was at its peak, and the Soviet Union had taken control of Afghanistan.The whole Islamic world, from Pakistan to the Middle East joined the Mujahideen, the rebel group which was fighting against the Soviets inside Afghanistan. The fight was called the Jihad since the men were defending an Islamic country against an alien power.
The United States of America, for obvious reasons, directly or indirectly aided these rebel groups so that they could continue their fight against the Soviets inside Afghanistan, and finally, after a decade of struggle, the USSR failed to establish a peaceful stable regime in Afghanistan and decided it was time to withdraw from Afghanistan.
Direct Economic Destruction
The most immediate and measurable impact of terrorism is physical destruction. Terrorists destroy existing plants, machines, transportation systems, workers and other economic resources. On smaller scales, acts of terrorism may blow up cafes, churches or roads. Large-scale attacks, most infamously the World Trade Center bombings on Sept. 11, 2001, can destroy billions of dollars’ worth of property and senselessly kill thousands of productive workers.
Muslims Are Not Terrorists
Every time an act of terror or shooting occurs, Muslims closely watch the news with extreme trepidation praying that the suspect is not Muslim.
Non-Muslims make up the majority of terrorists in the United States: According to FBI, 94% of terrorist attacks carried out in the United States from 1980 to 2005 have been by non-Muslims. This means that an American terrorist suspect is over nine times more likely to be a non-Muslim than a Muslim. According to this same report, there were more Jewish acts of terrorism in the United States than Islamic, yet when was the last time we heard about the threat of Jewish terrorism in the media? For the same exact reasons that we cannot blame the entire religion of Judaism or Christianity for the violent actions of those carrying out crimes under the names of these religions, we have absolutely no justifiable grounds to blame Muslims for terrorism.
Economic Impact on Muslims
A recent study noted that Muslim American professionals suffered a 10 percent wage reduction since 9/11. In terms of employment, Muslims are the last to be hired and the first to be fired. Resumes with names like Muhammad and Ahmed don’t go anywhere while the same resume with a different name will be considered. Muslim establsihments have lost about 40 percent of their business post-9/11, as researchers have discovered in Brooklyn, New York and on Chicago’s Devon Ave.
Widespread Discrimination & Harassment
Nearly 75 percent of Muslim Americans either know someone who has or have themselves experienced an act of anti-Muslim discrimination, harassment, verbal abuse or physical attack since September 11 (This Zogby Survey is of May 2002).
Dehumanization of Muslims
Islam and Muslims continue to be dehumanized. Franklin Graham’s quote describing Islam as a “very evil and wicked religion”is just the tip of the iceberg. Online and offline, “the level of anti-Muslim rhetoric is growing in quantum leaps since 9/11,” said CAIR’s Ibrahim Hooper during a session at the Islamic Society of North America’s annual convention last week. The recent use of the term “Islamofacism”by President Bush, as well as his description of the war on terror as a Crusade only adds to the hatred. Illinois Congressman Mark Kirk noted in November 2005 said, “[I’m] okay with discrimination against young Arab males from terrorist-producing states.”
Loss of Neighbors’Confidence
Muslims and their faith are steadily losing favor with their neighbors. Almost half of Americans believe that Islam is more likely than other religions to promote violence. This is double of what people thought immediately after the terrorism attacks of 9/11.
A skit on a well-known comedy show during the 2004 US elections showed John Kerry receiving news that Muslim Americans had decided to support him. His reaction? Indifference. This accurately reflects the political landscape for Muslims in America today. Our political contributions are not accepted. Our voice is neither respected nor recognized. Because of this, we choose to remain silent on critical issues. The most recent example is that of the situation in Lebanon. Hardly any politician was willing to call for a ceasefire during the fighting. Muslims were even unwilling to assert their position to stop the invasion of Lebanon. The power of the Israeli lobby has led to a one-sided voice on the Israel/Palestine issue, and the most recent violence is just another example of that.
Implications for Pakistan
The War on Terror has had colossal and far reaching implications for Pakistan in numerous ways. Pakistan has suffered and continues to suffer socially, economically, politically and militarily. The ongoing War on Terror has cost Pakistan dearly in terms of social disruption and upheaval. Millions of people have been displaced by the ongoing operation in Swat. This number is much higher than that of Afghan refugees affected by the Soviet invasion in 1979. Similarly almost half a million people have been internally displaced from FATA as a result of the same drive. This refugees’ influx has added many administrative and social problems and has caused huge damage to our social fabric. US drone attacks are turning angry youth from the targeted areas into terrorists and provoking them to take revenge from US frontline ally Pakistan for their losses of both human and material. Likewise, it provides an opportunity to anti-Pakistan forces
(Like TTP) to cash their preaching of hatred against the US and its front line ally, Pakistan. As results of these drone attacks, more than 2283 Pakistanis have been killed whereas only 222 Al-Qaeda operatives are allegedly killed up to September 2010.